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   Science & Environment
   Science & Environment

Nasa 're-masters' classic 'Pale Blue Dot' image of Earth

   By Jonathan Amos Science correspondent
     * 13 February 2020

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     * New Horizons probe

   Pale Blue Dot Image copyright NASA/JPL-Caltech Image caption New version: Voyager pictured Earth as "a mote of dust suspended in a sunbeam" Presentational white space

   It is unquestionably one of the greatest space images ever.

   The "Pale Blue Dot" picture of Planet Earth was acquired by the Voyager 1 probe exactly 30 years ago on Friday - from a distance of about 6 billion km (4 billion miles) miles.

   To mark the anniversary, the US space agency has now reprocessed this iconic view using modern techniques and software.

   Nasa says the re-working has been respectful of the original.

   It still shows Earth as that single, bright blue pixel in the vastness of space. And that pixel is still caught within a ray of sunlight. But the image now looks "cleaner"; the Earth is easier to pick out.

   The Pale Blue Dot was part of a final sequence of frames taken by Voyager before its camera system was shut down to conserve power.
   Pale Blue Dot Image copyright NASA/JPL Image caption The original: Just minutes after taking the image, Voyager powered down its camera system Presentational white space

   It had completed its tour of the planets and had no further use for the equipment as it headed towards interstellar space.

   But Carl Sagan and Carolyn Porco, two imaging scientists on the mission, had argued for a "family portrait of the Solar System" to be taken before the power-down command was sent.
     * Read Carolyn Porco's own account of how the image came to be, in Scientific American magazine 

   The 60 frames that Voyager returned incorporated the Sun and six of the major planets - Venus, Earth, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune.

   Mercury and Mars (and Pluto) missed out for variety of reasons. The Red Planet, for example, couldn't be distinguished in the streams of sunlight bouncing around inside the camera optics.

   One of the reasons the photo has become so famous is because of the popularity of Sagan's writings.

   In his his 1994 book, Pale Blue Dot: A Vision of the Human Future in Space, he said: "Look again at that dot. That's here. That's home. That's us." And he went on to describe Earth as "a mote of dust suspended in a sunbeam".

   It summed up perfectly the profound "perspective" gained from the exploration of space.

   Carolyn Porco, recalling the picture for the BBC in 2013, said that it gave a "crystalline, uncorrupted view of our cosmic place that erodes all delusion and confronts us with a powerful recognition of ourselves - a recognition that never fails to move us".
   Saturn and Earth Image copyright NASA/JPL-Caltech/SSI Image caption Cassini captured its own version in 2013, with Saturn in the foreground Presentational white space

   Garry Hunt, the only Briton on the Voyager imaging team, says the picture is more relevant today than it's ever been. He started his career in the Earth sciences, including climate studies, and continues to display the image in lectures.

   "Every time I give a climate talk and I talk about what you're doing now to make a change - I show this picture because it shows the Earth is an isolated speck. This tiny blue dot is the only place we can possible live, and we're making a jolly good mess of it," he told BBC Radio 4's Today programme this week.

   Carolyn Porco reimagined the Pale Blue Dot with the Cassini probe in 2013, turning that spacecraft's camera system back towards Earth and capturing the blue pixel under the rings of Saturn.

   Getting a view of home is now seen as something of a must-do for all far-flung missions.

   The New Horizons spacecraft which made a close flyby of Pluto in 2015 and is now a little over 7 billion km from Earth is expected at some point to try to repeat Voyager's photographic feat.

   Looking back at the centre of the Solar System - and directly at the Sun - poses some risk to the sensitive detectors in the probe's long-range camera, however. So, no imaging effort will occur until New Horizon's main mission objectives are achieved.
   Media playback is unsupported on your device
   Media captionHow Voyager took its famous picture of Planet Earth

   All pictures subject to copyright.

   Jonathan.Amos-INTERNET@bbc.co.uk and follow me on Twitter @BBCAmos

Related Topics

     * Saturn
     * New Horizons probe
     * Space exploration
     * Nasa
     * The Sun
     * Pluto

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